Welcome to Weekday - the largest pool of tech talent. Sign up now

Looking for job?
๎ 
Looking to hire?
๎ 
Top Angular Interview Questions and Answers for 2024
Apr 19, 2024

Top Angular Interview Questions and Answers for 2024

Master Angular interview questions with our comprehensive guide! Learn key concepts, expert answers, and pro tips to shine in your interview.

Looking for a job?

Welcome to the ultimate guide for mastering Angular interview questions and answers! This comprehensive resource is designed to equip you with the knowledge and confidence needed to excel in your next interview. In this guide, you'll find a curated collection of the best Angular interview questions, expertly crafted answers, and tips on how to approach common interview scenarios. Let's dive in and elevate your Angular expertise to new heights! And if you're looking for your next big opportunity in Angular development, remember platforms like Weekday.works streamline the job-seeking process, connecting talents like you with top-tier companies.

Conceptual Angular Interview Questions and Answers

angular interview questions
Conceptual Angular Interview Questions and Answers

What is Angular? - An Open-Source Development Platform with Benefits Including Scalability and Developer Tools

Angular is a sophisticated, open-source development platform designed for building mobile and desktop web applications. It is created and maintained by Google and is widely recognized for its ability to develop dynamic single-page applications (SPAs). Angular leverages TypeScript, a superset of JavaScript, which introduces static typing and object-oriented programming features, resulting in improved code quality and maintainability.

One of the key advantages of Angular is its scalability, making it suitable for developing large-scale applications. Additionally, Angular provides a comprehensive set of developer tools, including the Angular CLI (Command Line Interface) for project scaffolding, Angular Material for UI components, and built-in testing utilities, which streamline the development process and enhance productivity.

Differences Between Angular and AngularJS - Comparative Analysis on Architecture, Language, Performance, Dependency Injection, and Templating

Here's a table comparing Angular and AngularJS based on various factors:

Comparison: Angular vs AngularJS
Factor Angular AngularJS
Architecture Uses a component-based architecture where the application is divided into reusable, self-contained components. Follows the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture pattern, which separates the application into different parts for easier management.
Language Written in TypeScript, which provides type safety and other advanced features like decorators and interfaces. Written in JavaScript, which is more dynamic but lacks the type safety and advanced features of TypeScript.
Performance Generally faster and more efficient due to improvements in change detection, rendering, and ahead-of-time (AOT) compilation. Slower compared to Angular, especially in large and complex applications, due to its reliance on digest cycles for change detection.
Dependency Injection Uses a hierarchical dependency injection system that allows for more efficient and modular code. Uses a simpler, less hierarchical dependency injection system, which can be less efficient in large applications.
Templating Uses Angular's template syntax, which allows for binding data, events, and other properties directly within the HTML template. Uses AngularJS directives and expressions to bind data and manipulate the DOM, which can be less intuitive compared to Angular's approach.


This table provides a comparative analysis of Angular and AngularJS based on their architecture, language, performance, dependency injection, and templating.

What are Angular Directives? - Explanation of Component, Attribute, and Structural Directives

Angular directives are essential building blocks that modify the behavior or layout of the Document Object Model (DOM). There are three primary types of directives in Angular:

  • Component Directives: These are the most common types of directives and define the components, which are the fundamental building blocks of Angular applications. Each component consists of a template that defines the view, and a class that contains the logic and data for the component.
  • Attribute Directives: These directives alter the appearance or behavior of an element, component, or another directive. For example, the ngClass directive can dynamically add or remove CSS classes based on a component's logic, and the ngStyle directive can modify the style properties of an element.
  • Structural Directives: These directives change the layout of the DOM by adding, removing, or manipulating elements. For instance, the *ngIf directive conditionally includes or excludes an element from the DOM based on a specified condition, and the *ngFor directive is used to render a list of items.

What is a Template? - Explanation of Templates as HTML Forms Rendering Components and Introduction to Interpolation for Data Binding in Templates

In Angular, a template is an HTML form that renders a component, defining the structure and appearance of the component's view. Templates use Angular's template syntax, which allows for dynamic rendering of content based on the component's state.

Interpolation is a fundamental concept in Angular templates, where double curly braces ({{ }}) are used to bind data from the component's class to the template. This enables the dynamic display of content, where changes in the component's data are automatically reflected in the view. Interpolation is a form of one-way data binding, which provides a simple and efficient way to display dynamic content in the template.

Explain Two-Way Data Binding in Angular - Usage of [(ngModel)] Directive for Two-Way Data Binding

Two-way data binding is a powerful feature in Angular that enables automatic synchronization of data between the model and the view. This means that any changes made to the data in the model are immediately reflected in the view, and vice versa.

The [(ngModel)] directive is commonly used to achieve two-way data binding in Angular. It combines property binding and event binding, allowing for seamless communication between the component and the template. For example, when used in a form input, the [(ngModel)] directive ensures that the value of the input field is both displayed in the view and updated in the component's model whenever the user makes changes.

Angular Modules - Definition, Benefits, Encapsulation, Lazy Loading, Reusability, and Dependency Management

Angular modules, denoted by the @NgModule decorator, are a way to group related components, directives, services, and pipes into cohesive blocks of functionality. They serve several important purposes:

  • Encapsulation: Modules encapsulate a set of related functionalities, making the application more modular and maintainable. This separation of concerns allows developers to focus on specific areas of the application without affecting other parts.
  • Lazy Loading: Angular modules can be configured to be lazy-loaded, meaning they are loaded on-demand rather than at the application's initial load. This can significantly improve the application's performance, especially for large applications with many features.
  • Reusability: Modules can be reused across different parts of the application or even in different applications, promoting code reusability and reducing duplication.
  • Dependency Management: Each module defines its dependencies, making it clear what is required for that part of the application to function. This helps in managing dependencies and ensuring that the application is properly structured.

Angular Expressions, Templates, String Interpolation, Annotation vs Decorator

  • Angular Expressions: These are used within templates to bind data to the view. Angular expressions are similar to JavaScript expressions but are evaluated within the Angular context, allowing for integration with Angular's data binding and change detection mechanisms.
  • Templates: As mentioned earlier, templates are the HTML forms that define the structure and appearance of a component's view. They use Angular's template syntax to incorporate dynamic content and behavior.
  • String Interpolation: This is a form of one-way data binding in Angular, where the {{ }} syntax is used to insert dynamic content into the template. String interpolation allows for the display of component data within the template, with changes in the data automatically updating the view.
  • Annotation vs Decorator: In the context of Angular, decorators are used to annotate and modify classes and their properties. Decorators are a TypeScript feature that allows for adding metadata and defining behaviors for class declarations and members. Annotations, on the other hand, are used in other programming languages and frameworks to provide metadata but are not directly applicable to Angular's TypeScript-based architecture.

Technical Angular Interview Questions and Answers

angular interview questions
Technical Angular Interview Questions and Answers

Change Detection in Angular, Types of Pipes, What are Interceptors

  • Change Detection in Angular: Angular uses a change detection mechanism to keep track of changes in the application state and update the view accordingly. It employs a unidirectional data flow and zone.js to detect changes efficiently.
  • Types of Pipes: Pipes in Angular are used to transform data in templates. There are two types of pipes: built-in pipes (e.g., DatePipe, CurrencyPipe, UpperCasePipe) and custom pipes, which developers can create to handle specific transformations.
  • Interceptors: Interceptors in Angular are used to intercept HTTP requests and responses. They are a part of the HttpClientModule and can be used for tasks like adding headers to requests, logging, or handling errors globally.

Types of Data Binding in Angular, The Concept of Metadata

  • Types of Data Binding: Angular supports four types of data binding: interpolation ({{}}), property binding ([property]="value"), event binding (event)="handler()"), and two-way binding ([(ngModel)]="property")`.
  • Concept of Metadata: Metadata in Angular is used to decorate classes so that the Angular framework can understand the purpose of the class and how it should be used. Metadata is provided using decorators like @Component, @NgModule, and @Directive.

Difference Between a Constructor and ngOnInit

  • Constructor: The constructor is a default method of the class that is executed when the class is instantiated. In Angular, it is primarily used for dependency injection.
  • ngOnInit: The ngOnInit lifecycle hook is a method that is called after the first ngOnChanges and is used to initialize the component or directive. It is the perfect place to fetch data for the component.

Data Sharing Between Angular Components, Filters in Angular, MVVM Architecture

  • Data Sharing Between Angular Components: Data can be shared between Angular components using various methods such as Input/Output properties, services, and state management libraries like NgRx or Akita.
  • Filters in Angular: Filters are not a native concept in Angular 2+; instead, pipes are used to filter and transform data in templates.
  • MVVM Architecture: Model-View-ViewModel (MVVM) is an architectural pattern that separates the development of the graphical user interface (view) from the development of the business logic or back-end logic (model) through a ViewModel.

Explain Components, Modules, and Services in Angular

  • Components: Components are the basic building blocks of Angular applications. They control a patch of the screen called a view and are defined using the @Component decorator.
  • Modules: Modules are a way to group components, directives, pipes, and services that are related to a specific application feature or functionality. They are defined using the @NgModule decorator.
  • Services: Services are classes that are used to encapsulate business logic and data access. They can be injected into components and other services using Angular's dependency injection system.

Process for Setting, Getting, and Clearing Cookies in Angular

  • Setting Cookies: Cookies can be set in Angular using the document.cookie property or third-party libraries like ngx-cookie-service.
  • Getting Cookies: Cookies can be retrieved using the document.cookie property or the get method of ngx-cookie-service.
  • Clearing Cookies: Cookies can be cleared by setting the expiration date to a past date or using the delete method of ngx-cookie-service.

Importance of FormBuilder, ngOnInit Lifecycle Hook, Angular Building Blocks

  • FormBuilder: FormBuilder is a service in Angular that provides a convenient way to build reactive forms. It simplifies the process of creating form controls and groups.
  • ngOnInit Lifecycle Hook: The ngOnInit lifecycle hook is important for initializing data in a component. It is called after the component's constructor and is a good place to fetch data or set up the component.
  • Angular Building Blocks: The main building blocks of Angular applications are components, directives, pipes, services, and modules. These elements work together to create a cohesive and functional application.

Differences Between JIT Compilation and AOT Compilation

  • JIT Compilation: Just-in-Time (JIT) compilation compiles the application at runtime, in the browser. It is the default compilation mode in Angular during development.
  • AOT Compilation: Ahead-of-time (AOT) compilation compiles the application at build time, before it is loaded in the browser. It provides faster rendering, reduced download size, and improved security.

Latest Angular Version-Specific Questions: Angular 9 to Angular 13 Features and Changes

  • Angular 9: Introduced Ivy as the default compilation and rendering engine, improved bundle sizes, and faster testing.
  • Angular 10: Smaller package sizes, improved quality of type checking, new date range picker in Angular Material.
  • Angular 11: Faster builds, automatic inlining of fonts, updated language service, and improved reporting and logging.
  • Angular 12: Transition to Ivy-based language service, nullish coalescing support in templates, and improved strict mode.
  • Angular 13: Removal of View Engine, introduction of standalone components, and improved forms package.

Each version of Angular brings new features, improvements, and changes that enhance the development experience and the performance of Angular applications.

Angular Interview Preparations and Expectations

angular interview questions
Angular Interview Preparations and Expectationsโ€
  • Tools and Resources for Interview Preparation: Candidates preparing for Angular interviews can benefit from various tools and resources. A technical interview checklist can help ensure that they have covered all the necessary topics and are ready to demonstrate their knowledge. Additionally, a salary negotiation e-book can provide valuable insights and strategies for negotiating compensation effectively. Other resources may include online courses, practice coding platforms, and Angular documentation to deepen their understanding of the framework.
  • Expectations of Coding Questions in Interviews: Candidates should expect coding questions during Angular interviews, which may range from basic syntax and concepts to more complex problem-solving tasks. These questions can include implementing specific functionalities, optimizing code, or debugging issues in an Angular application. Being well-prepared for coding questions is crucial, as it demonstrates the candidate's practical skills and ability to apply their knowledge to real-world scenarios.
  • Skills Required for Angular Developers, and the Average Salary of an Angular Developer in the US: Angular developers are expected to have a strong understanding of Angular framework concepts, TypeScript, HTML, CSS, and RxJS. Proficiency in tools like Angular CLI, and Angular Material, and testing frameworks like Jasmine and Karma are also important. Additionally, knowledge of state management libraries, such as NgRx, and experience with RESTful services and APIs are valuable skills.The average salary of an Angular developer in the US can vary based on factors such as location, experience, and company size. As of 2022, the average salary range for an Angular developer is typically between $80,000 and $120,000 per year. However, this can vary widely depending on the specific job market and demand for Angular developers.

Maximizing your chances in the tech job market means not just preparing well but also being seen by the right employers. Weekday.works helps engineers get in front of companies looking for top Angular talent, making sure your preparation pays off.

Advanced Topics for Experienced Developers

Angular's Importance in the Tech Industry

Angular has become a cornerstone in the tech industry, especially for developing single-page applications (SPAs). Its robust framework, backed by Google, provides a comprehensive solution for building scalable and maintainable web applications. Angular's emphasis on modularity, reusability, and testability aligns with modern development practices, making it a preferred choice for many organizations.

Advanced Questions on FormBuilder, View Updates Outside the 'Zone', Observables vs Promises

  • FormBuilder: Experienced developers might be asked to discuss complex form-handling scenarios using FormBuilder, such as dynamic form creation, custom validators, and form arrays.
  • View Updates Outside the 'Zone': Angular's zone.js library facilitates automatic change detection. However, certain scenarios require manual intervention to update views when changes occur outside Angular's "zone." Understanding this concept is crucial for optimizing performance and avoiding common pitfalls.
  • Observables vs Promises: Both observables and promises are used for handling asynchronous operations in Angular, but they serve different purposes. Understanding the differences, such as observables' support for multicasting and cancellation, is essential for making informed decisions in application development.

Angular CLI, HttpClient, Multicasting

  • Angular CLI: The Angular Command Line Interface (CLI) is a powerful tool for automating tasks such as project scaffolding, building, and testing. Advanced usage might include custom schematics or integrating third-party tools.
  • HttpClient: Angular's HttpClient provides a simplified API for HTTP operations. Experienced developers should be familiar with advanced features like request interception, progress events, and typed responses.
  • Multicasting: In the context of RxJS observables, multicasting refers to sharing a single observable execution among multiple subscribers. Understanding this concept is important for optimizing resource usage and performance in Angular applications.

Speed Enhancements in the Latest Angular Version

The latest versions of Angular continue to focus on performance improvements. Developers should be aware of features such as differential loading, which serves different bundles to modern vs legacy browsers, and improvements in the Ivy compiler that reduce bundle sizes and increase compilation speed.

Lazy Loading and Lifecycle Hooks

  • Lazy Loading: This technique involves loading modules only when they are needed, which can significantly reduce the initial load time of an application. Experienced developers should understand how to implement lazy loading using Angular's routing configuration.
  • Lifecycle Hooks: Angular provides lifecycle hooks that allow developers to tap into key moments in a component's lifecycle, such as initialization, change detection, and destruction. Understanding these hooks is crucial for managing resources and ensuring optimal performance.


Q. Top Companies Using Angular

Several leading companies in the tech industry use Angular for their web applications due to its robustness and scalability. Some of these top companies include Google (the creator of Angular), Microsoft, IBM, PayPal, and Samsung. Angular's popularity among these industry giants underscores its importance and relevance in the current tech landscape.

Dreaming of landing a position at one of these tech giants or other leading companies? Weekday.works curates opportunities specifically for engineers, giving you access to exciting roles that require your Angular expertise.

Q, Preparing for Angular Interviews

Preparing for Angular interviews involves a combination of revising core concepts, practicing coding problems, and staying updated with the latest features and best practices. It's essential to have a strong understanding of Angular's fundamentals, such as components, services, directives, and modules. Additionally, hands-on experience with real-world projects and familiarity with related technologies like TypeScript, RxJS, and state management libraries can significantly enhance your preparedness.

Q. Angular Versions and Release Dates

Angular has seen regular updates since its inception, with each version bringing new features and improvements. Some of the notable versions and their release dates include:

  • Angular 2: September 2016
  • Angular 4: March 2017
  • Angular 5: November 2017
  • Angular 6: May 2018
  • Angular 7: October 2018
  • Angular 8: May 2019
  • Angular 9: February 2020
  • Angular 10: June 2020
  • Angular 11: November 2020
  • Angular 12: May 2021
  • Angular 13: November 2021

Staying informed about the latest version and its features is crucial for both development and interview preparation.


Successful Angular interviews require a well-rounded preparation that covers both technical skills and soft skills. Technical abilities in Angular, TypeScript, and related technologies are fundamental, but soft skills like communication, problem-solving, and teamwork are equally important. Employers look for candidates who can not only write efficient code but also collaborate effectively with team members and contribute to a positive work environment.

Remember, acing your Angular interview is just one part of the journey. With Weekday.works, you can ensure your talent doesnโ€™t go unnoticed by the companies eager to harness your skills, making your job search as efficient as your code.


Start Free Trial

Looking to hire talent?

Start using the hiring platform of the future.