A back-end developer writes code that forms the backbone of a website or app. Back-end developers are the experts who build and maintain the mechanisms that process data and perform actions on websites.
What is Backend Development?
Web development activities that are done at the back end of programs are referred to as back end development. Back-end development covers server-side web application logic and integration and activities, like writing APIs, creating libraries, and working with system components instead of frontend development, which focuses on customer-facing services and programs. Backend developers build code that allows a database and an application to communicate with one another. Backend developers take care and maintain the back-end of a website, including databases, servers, and apps, and they control what you don't see.
Backend Developer Tasks and Responsibilities
Back-end developers are required to have technical expertise, analytical thinking, and excellent collaboration skills. As a back-end web developer, you should be able to work independently to design the web infrastructure. Here’s what many back-end developers do on a day-to-day basis:
1. To design effective and efficient solutions, they must first gain a thorough grasp of the website's performance demands and goals.
2. Application Programming Interface (API) development and administration.
3. Develop data acceptance and storage solutions for websites, particularly for those involved in payment processing.
4. Write, test, and maintain development solutions for code-related problems are all part of the job.
5. To identify new features, communicate effectively with developers, designers, and system administrators.
6. Create website architecture by utilizing correct product lifecycle approaches, such as Agile Scrum and frameworks.
7. Organize the system logic.
8. Provide remedies to difficulties with the system.
9. Debug and troubleshoot apps.
Backend Developer Salary and Job Outlook
The estimated median base pay for a back-end web developer in the US is $115,604 as of June 2022, according to Glassdoor. Indeed reports an average base salary of $95,072. This can vary depending on your location, your seniority, and other factors.
Back-end developers are in high demand. According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, web developer positions are expected to grow by 23 percent between 2020 and 2030.
Backend Developer Technical Skills
As a back-end developer, there are certain technical skills you will need to learn to navigate developing the back-end of the web or mobile application.
Frameworks: Frameworks are the libraries of back-end programming languages that help to build the server configuration. They tend to be linked with programming languages, so if you are familiar with Python, you’ll also know Flask, Django, or another Python-based framework, and so on.
Databases and servers: You’ll need to understand how to stack and recover data from databases, as back-end programming controls access to this information, including storage and recovery. MongoDB and MySQL are popular database programs. The database stores and organizes the client’s data so that it can be easily arranged and recovered, just like you might use cloud storage for your photos. This database then runs on a server that provides data upon request.
Accessibility and security clearance: You should develop knowledge of network protocols and web security. Knowing how to secure databases and servers will be critical to your success as a back-end developer.
Backend Developer Workplace Skills
Alongside technical skills, these workplace skills will enable you to work more efficiently, effectively, and seamlessly with team members.
Communication: A back-end web developer needs to thoroughly understand the engineer’s vision in order to execute it. Strong written and conversation skills will help you communicate any ideas and troubleshoot with team members and stakeholders.
Problem solving and analytical thinking: You will need to find creative solutions when developing a web or mobile app, such as debugging code and revising it without crashing the entire site. As a developer, you should be able to analyze why a portion of code does or does not work, and anticipate and prevent errors.
Industry knowledge: Holistic understanding of the tech industry is always helpful to keep up with overall economic trends as well as updates to languages and platforms. To brush up, look into blogs, forums, news, and books related to web and app development.
Qualifications - How to become a Back-End Developer?
Most Back-End Developers are likely to have a strong academic background, with potentially a degree in fields like computer science, advanced mathematics, website development or computer programming. In some cases, an applicant will also be expected to show a fluency in a computer-based language.